COMMUNICATION AND LANGUAGE, Listening and attention (ELG01), EXPRESSIVE ARTS AND DESIGN, Being imaginative (ELG17), PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT, Moving and handling (ELG04), PSED, Making relationships (ELG08), UNDERSTANDING THE WORLD, People and communities (ELG13)
Diwali is a significant festival in Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and jainism and an official holiday in India. It signifies the renewal of life. It is often referred to as the ‘Festival of Lights’ because of the common practice of lighting small clay lamps (called diyas) and placing them all over the inside and outside of the home. The lights and other decorations are used to welcome visitors and hopefully the Goddess of Fortune – Lakshmi.
Encourage each child to use the clay to make a small bowl shape, the centre of which will need to be big enough to hold a tea light. For younger children, encourage them to roll the clay into a ball and then press a finger down into the middle. Pinch the clay with thumb and forefinger around the edge, gradually making a bowl shape.
Lay the paper on the floor and offer children a choice of resources to make a pattern along its length. If children are able, offer them the chance to cut out shield-shaped pieces of paper. Once these too are decorated they can then be stuck to the bottom of the bands already decorated.
Hindus draw a colourful design called a Rangoli on the floor near the entrance to their home. The Rangoli patterns are traditionally drawn with the fingers using flour, rice grains or coloured chalk and can be square, circular, rectangular, or a mix of all three. They are often symmetrical and the design taken from nature
First, show children Rangoli patterns for inspiration and then encourage them to try for themselves on black paper. The grid is usually made from small dots at regular intervals over a specific shape and then these dots can be joined together to create a design.
Work outside on the playground or on paving slabs. Use white chalk to get an outline of the design and the coloured chalks to fill it in. Use a mixture of flour, water and food colouring to make a paste and create your Rangoli. (Note: It will be semi-permanent and might possibly not ever be fully removed so be careful where you work!)